Im Papierkrieg gegen Piratenhttp://worldmaritimenews.com/archives/169604/pirates-target-six-vessels-in-soms-in-two-days/
Premium Es sind oft eher dubiose Sicherheitskräfte, mit denen Reeder ihre Schiffe vor Piraten schützen. Künftig sollen sie von der Bundesregierung zertifiziert werden. Die Branche fürchtet ein bürokratisches Monstrum - das sie in die Illegalität treibt. von Kathrin Werner Hamburg
Im Büro der Hamburger Reederei Leonhardt & Blumberg reihen sich die Leitz-Ordner mit den Bewerbungsschreiben. Briten, Amerikaner, Israelis, Firmen aus Deutschland oder Singapur, alle wollen ihre bewaffneten Sicherheitsleute zur Abwehr von Piraten an Bord der Hamburger Frachter schicken. "Es ist manchmal schwer, die Firmen auseinanderzuhalten", sagt Reedereichef Frank Leonhardt.
Die Reeder setzen auf Selbstverteidigung gegen die Piraten. Von den größeren Schiffen, wie sie deutsche Reeder betreiben, fährt kaum noch eines durch die gefährlichen Gewässer vor dem Horn von Afrika ohne bewaffnete Sicherheitsleute an Bord. "Schusswaffen an Bord sind das einzige sichere Abwehrmittel", sagt Leonhardt. Er kennt sich aus: Sein Containerschiff "Hansa Stavanger" wurde 2009 vor Somalia gekapert. "Wer keine Sicherheitskräfte an Bord hat, hat keine Chance", sagt er.
By gCaptain Staff On June 29, 2012
War with Somali pirates is heating up – By Will Watson
The cost of military operations which includes administrative and headquarter operations, military vessels, aircraft, and unmanned aerial vehicles were estimated to be $1.27 billion in 2011. (Photo: U.S. Navy)
Even as the military, governments and the maritime industry are stepping up action against Somali pirates, the pirates themselves appear to be using more aggressive tactics against commercial ships operating in the theater.
European Union (EU) governments promised last month to take the war on piracy ashore and that’s what they did in mid-May when EU naval forces launched an attack on pirate bases near the port of Haradhere. Five pirate speedboats were destroyed in the helicopter gunship led raid along with other nearby supplies. In response, pirates threatened to kill hostages aboard captive vessels.
The EU navies aren’t alone in taking the battle to pirates as Privately Contracted Maritime Security Personnel (PCASP) teams have been involved in numerous running gun battles with increasingly aggressive pirate forces. Over the past two months, pirates have departed from traditional tactics— using one or two skiffs with six to eight pirates aboard each— to attack commercial ships.
Help From Somalia
Unconfirmed reports surfaced in early June that the Puntland Marine Police Force (PMPF) may have made a unilateral attempt to free a captured Suezmax tanker. Sources told Somali media that the armed paramilitary force tried to rescue the M/T Smyrni but claim the armed assault was rebuffed when pirates aboard the hostage ship returned fire. There were reports of injuries both among the pirates and the PMPF operators.
Such stories have emerged before and have been difficult to confirm. Sources in the region say rescue attempt was made at Bina, near Bargaal, where it was moved to from Hurdiyo, a small village between Bargal and Hafun in Somalia’s Bari region. The captive tanker may now be moved to another area.
Fierce Attacks Reported
Reports are now being received of attacks by as many as a dozen speedboats with heavily armed pirates aboard— attacks that have led to running gun battles between the pirates and armed teams. Fortunately, none of the attacked vessels have been taken and no serious injuries have been reported among the armed teams or crews.
Those skirmishes came as the International Maritime Organization was calling for international standards on the use of force by armed teams against pirates. “International standards or regimes should be established,” IMO Secretary-General Koji Sekimizu told reporters, adding that, “That regime should not be made compulsory, but provide an international framework on which the flag state and the (shipping) companies may decide to employ arms on board.”
This escalation is thought to be a response to the flagging success by pirates in capturing commercial ships since most began taking on armed teams some months back. There have been 151 attacks on ships in 2011, compared to 127 in 2010 — but only 25 successful hijacks compared to 47 in 2010.
Private Patrols Joining Navies
Soon, the 25 military vessels — from the EU and NATO countries, China, Russia, India and Japan (patrolling approximately 3.2 million sq miles of ocean) will be joined by private armed craft that plan to offer protection to convoys of commercial vessels. The private company, Typhon, is buying three boats, which are currently being fitted out in Singapore. Those boats will be used to establish an exclusion zone around escorted convoys… convoys, whose routes will be dictated by commercial dictates, unlike those transiting the Internationally Recognized Transit Corridor (IRTC). To sweeten the deal, Typhon’s leaders say that vessels using their services will get a major break on insurance premiums.
Another Nation To Try Pirates
The Indian Ocean nation of Mauritius has said it will accept and try suspected pirates captured by British forces patrolling the Indian Ocean under an agreement with the United Kingdom. The nation’s Prime Minister Navinchandra Ramgoolam agreed to sign a memorandum of understanding (MoU) in London. Foreign navies trying to counter piracy off Somalia have been reluctant to take suspects to their own countries because they either lack the jurisdiction to put them on trial, or fear the pirates may seek asylum. ¶
This article originally appeared in the June 2012 edition of Sidelights and was reprinted with the permission of The Council Of American Master Mariners. Will Watson is a CAMM member and works as maritime security liaison for the Marshall Islands Registry, the world’s third largest flag state. Will is also vice president and governor of the Maritime Security Council and sits on the board of advisors of the National Maritime Law Enforcement Academy.
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Weekly Piracy Report: Bulk Carrier Comes Under FireBy gCaptain Staff On HOA Pirate Activity, 21– 27 June
Weekly Incidents by Region: June 21-27INDIAN OCEAN–EAST AFRICA: YEMEN: Bulk Carrier was fired upon on 27 June at 14:22 N – 054:38 E 110 nm North of Socotra Island, Yemen. Pirates in a dhow approached the bulk carrier underway. The master raised alarm and took evasive manoeuvres. As the dhow approached, the onboard security team fired warning shots. The dhow continued its approach and ignored the warning shots. Two pirates armed with guns hiding under a blanket fired upon the ship. There was a fire exchange between the security team and the pirates until the pirates aborted the attack. No injuries to crew were reported. The ships master reported the wind direction and force as SSW x 7.(IMB) OMAN: LPG Tanker was approached on 25 June at 25:15 N – 057:16 E 48 nm East of Fujairah, Oman. Pirates armed with guns, in two skiffs approached an LPG tanker underway and closed within 0.6 nm. The master fired warning flares and pyrotechnics, increased speed and maneuvered the vessel to keep the skiffs right astern. UKMTO and naval authorities in vicinity was informed. An Iranian Naval warship responded and escorted the tanker until the skiffs were clear. The vessels crew was later reported safe. (IMB) SOUTHEAST ASIA: BANGLADESH: Container Ship boarded on 26 June at 22:10 N – 091:42 E, Chittagong Anchorage ‘B’, Bangladesh. Two pirates armed with knives boarded the anchored container ship just after a heavy rain shower. One of the pirates attacked the deck watch-keeper at the aft station that immediately reported the incident to the bridge and managed to run inside the accommodation. The alarm was later raised. The crew mustered and observed the 15 pirates in the boat were leaving with stolen ship stores. The master informed the Coast Guard who responded immediately. (IMB)
Swift Officers Discuss Combating Piracy with Tanzanian Counterparts
High Speed Vessel Swift’s (HSV 2) civilian master and military detachment officer in charge discussed combating piracy and continued cooperation efforts during an office call with Tanzanian naval leadership June 26.
The office call was part of Swift’s planned 12-day port visit to Tanzania for Africa Partnership Station (APS) East 2012.
Swift’s civilian master, Capt. Rhett Mann, and military detachment officer in charge, Lt. Cmdr. Charles Eaton, met with Maj. Gen. Saidi Shaaban Omar, chief of Tanzania People’s Defense Force navy, and Col. M.S. Masanga, commander, 701 Flotilla.
The visit was a chance for both groups to discuss emerging issues that threaten maritime security as well as focus on building upon the partnership that has already developed through several years of working together.
“I visited Swift with our president two years ago and enjoyed the ship. We are familiar with the APS program, and can say it is very useful to our armed forces,” said Omar.
While in Tanzania, Swift’s crew and embarked Marines, NCIS personnel, and members of Maritime Civil Affairs and Security Training teams will conduct five separate subject matter expert (SME) exchanges during the two-week visit.
“The level of participation in the SME exchanges has been outstanding and enthusiastic. The port security familiarization has high interest here in Dar Es Salaam, so we’re going to hold it twice while here. We’re looking forward to continuing this partnership and exchange, working together with our partner nations to protect African shores,” said Eaton.
During the office visit the conversation was centered on Swift’s capabilities and the dynamics of a civilian and military crew working together, as well as how APS may help African nations confront piracy.
“We have a big sea to patrol and our main challenge is pirates. They are very tricky and they know what they’re doing,” said Masanga.
Tanzania’s navy leadership was invited to Swift for tours and the chance to continue the discussion on issues that APS can address in future visits.
“Any problem, we can solve together so that we’ll always have continued success,” said Omar.
Swift, a Military Sealift Command-chartered High Speed Vessel, is making port calls throughout Africa in support of APS and theater security cooperation (TSC) visits.
APS is an international security cooperation initiative, facilitated by Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa, aimed at strengthening global maritime partnerships through training and collaborative activities in order to improve maritime safety and security in Africa.
Piracy Weather Forecast: June 28-July 5Pirate Skiff Capability (Graphic courtesy of the Naval Oceanographic Office Warfighting Support Center) GULF OF ADEN: West-southwesterly winds of 8 – 12 knots with seas of 3 – 6 feet. EXTENDED FORECAST: South-westerly winds of 10 – 15 knots and seas of 3 – 5 feet which may increase to 5 – 7 feet. SOMALI COAST: Southwest Monsoon conditions continue to influence this area, with south-southwesterly winds of 20 – 25 knots and seas between 8 and 10 feet. EXTENDED FORECAST: South-southwesterly winds of 20 – 25 knots with seas of 8 – 10 feet. ARABIAN SEA: Westerly winds of 18 – 24 knots and seas of 9 – 12 feet. EXTENDED FORECAST: West-southwesterly winds of 18 – 24 knots with seas of 9 – 12 feet. CENTRAL AFRICAN COAST/INDIAN OCEAN: South-southeasterly winds of 16 – 20 knots with seas of 5 – 7 feet. EXTENDED FORECAST: South-southeasterly winds of 14 – 18 knots and seas of 6 – 8 feet. MOZAMBIQUE CHANNEL: The normal high and low pressure interaction around 40 degrees South will continue to influence the area, with east-southeasterly winds in the northern channel of 8 – 12 knots and seas of 5 – 7 feet. In the southern channel, there will be south-southeasterly winds of 12 – 15 knots and seas of 7 – 9 feet. EXTENDED FORECAST: In the northern channel, east-southeasterly winds of 10 – 15 knots and seas of 4 – 6 feet. In the southern channel winds, expect south-southeasterly winds of 8 – 12 knots and seas of 4 – 6 feet. SURFACE CURRENTS: The currents within the Gulf of Aden average around 0.5 – 1 knot. Current speeds along the Somali basin, continuing south off the northern Kenya coastline until about 10 degrees South will average approximately 2 – 3 knots. The Mozambique Channel has an average current of 0.25 – 1.25 knots. This report is brought to you by the U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence Maritime OPINTEL Report
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